Even though most of us moving more towards the ready-to-wear zone, the conventional fabrics stand evergreen in the market. Historically, the evolution of fabrics in India came up with an interesting plot. Whether it is the Bapu’s promotion of Khadi or the political imbalance due to textiles industries, it is obvious that we Indian never failed to appreciate the finest piece of clothes, that’s why even with such technology and synthetic cloths, you will still find handlooms arts somewhere in the corner of the nation.
On comprehending the history of fabrics in India, we should go back as far to the Indus Valley Civilization. From that beginning, we have an excellent assay of fabrics and clothing. Below are the finest fabrics from a different part of India:
Pashmina is the finest cashmere wool; it comes in two major variety – one is from Ladakh and another is from Nepal. The Nepali Pashmina is considered the finest as the goats from which the fabric is woven have adapted to the harsh climate and provide remarkably warm and light fibers. The Nepali Pashmina is locally known as Chyangra Pashmina. The Ladakh pashmina is manufactured in Kashmir near Indo-China border. Since both of the fabrics come from mountain goats that develop incredibly soft Pashm which is five times finer than a human hair.
Many of you may not have heard of this fabric, as it has been banned since 1979, though the Jammu and Kashmir Government came to action in 2002. Shatoosh is a Persian word, means the King of fine wools, which come from a Tibetan antelope called Chiru. The fur is light, soft and remarkably warm; it is said that an egg gets boil when wrapped in Shatoosh and left in Sunlight, but there is no scientific authentication of this fact. However, no one can deny that Shatoosh is the ‘King of Wool’ that’s why most of the time in History it employed as the ‘Wool of King’. With the increasing demand of Shahtoosh fabrics, the trader stop waiting for natural grow of wool, and they started killing Chiru. It takes five dead Chirus to make one shawl.
Mulberry is the finest quality of silk, and the first account of mulberry silk was recorded in Indus Valley Civilization. Now, still, India is the second largest producer of Mulberry silk, though India is also largest consumer of silk too. The silk is 100% natural, odorless and hypo-allergic.